Construction project managers are primarily responsible for overseeing the workplace safety and health of construction workers. Additionally, they also often work to ensure that construction crews operate efficiently, and that they remain on schedule and on budget. Construction projects feature multiple stages, and each stage of the project requires its own set of responsibilities.
Project management planning
Before starting any type of construction project, the construction project manager must carefully plan each stage so as not to run into any unforeseen issues once the project is underway. Each point of the project should be clearly indicated in a written plan agreed upon by the construction manager, project owner, and planner—this plan is referred to as the Project Management Plan (PMP). The PMP should successfully outline the following:
- Is the project described in a clear and concise manner? Any details should be clearly outlined so that each party can have a thorough understanding of the project.
- What is the scope of the project? The amount of work, money, and other resources should be determined beforehand.
- A master schedule and milestone schedule should be planned out and take any possible issues into consideration before the project begins. The master schedule conveys a comprehensive overall plan, while the milestone schedule breaks down the timeframe of individual issues.
- Do you have access to the best quality resources? The project should be planned to meet the best available standards. As with any type of construction site, proper precautions for safety should be clearly planned out to avoid any accidents or health-related issues.
- Are the necessary documents in order? The PMP should reference the required documentation for the construction project. Additionally, organization is very important for any type of construction and engineering project. Be sure to include a clear chart regarding the required staff and other types of resources.
- The role of each staff member should be explained in the PMP, including the responsibilities and authority level of each worker. The cost of the project should be estimated and clearly expressed in the document.
- Writing out each of these details in a PMP provides a series of agreed upon points for each involved party, which helps avoid any unforeseen confusion or other types of problems.
Budgetary concerns must be properly planned out for civil engineering projects, since unforeseen budgetary constraints can cause construction delays and insufficient resources. The estimated budget plan should be properly estimated. The projected costs of construction equipment, staff salary, and other financial considerations should each be planned out in a thorough breakdown. By considering each financial detail, budgetary delays and other costly issues can be avoided.
Time is a very important factor for everyone involved with a construction project, ranging from the architectures and project owners to the contractors and lenders.
To avoid any problems with scheduling, construction management should consider a few important points. For instance, how any possible delays may occur throughout the duration of the project? Avoiding unexpected delays by establishing a clear projection for the required planning, producing, and managing of the project is of the utmost importance.
Managers should also propose solutions for avoiding claims and they should work to establish a mitigation system. In the event that a scheduling conflict does arise, these proposals will already be in place to handle the situation.
The construction manager is responsible for ensuring that the quality of the project meets the standards as indicated by the established contract. By implementing proper quality assurance and control, construction defects and other building failures can be avoided throughout the project.
A major responsibility of the project manager is to make sure that the contracts match the desired outcome of the construction project. The contract should indicate the following points:
- The individuals responsible for approving and directing the work of each contractor.
- The ways in which the contractor will be monitored and reported.
- The types of inspections that should be performed on the project.
- How each contractor will be paid and financially audited.
- How any types of records, such as contract documents and correspondence, will be managed.
Any type of construction project is at risk for worker accidents and other types of hazards. Civil project management should do the following for ensuring proper safety:
- Plan out the work so as to avoid damaged property or personal injury for anyone on the construction site.
- Properly monitor the project so that any possible hazards are detected early on and can be avoided.
- Make sure that the surrounding area and public are protected from the construction site.
- Provide workers with proper training and safety education.
- Manage the project in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).
By adhering to the aforementioned categories of construction project management, construction managers can ensure that their projects will be completed effectively and on schedule. Those working in construction project management should understand and respect the many responsibilities required of each project, whether they pertain to codes and compliance, training, budget, safety, or other important details.
Civil engineers play a crucial role in engineering the structural solutions of tomorrow and plan, design, construct, and operate the infrastructure essential to our modern lives. As a student in the online Master of Science in Civil Engineering program, you can enhance your quantitative decision-making skills and learn how to justify managerial decisions with data. You will also explore the capabilities of modern management technologies and discover how to successfully leverage these tools to maximize efficiencies in your projects and on your teams.
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